Mecca is the most sacred place in the Islam religion. It’s the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad and where he had the first revelation of the Quran. It’s located on the west of the Arabian Peninsula, around 70 kilometers off the coast.
While the city has a population of around two million, during the Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage, the population triples in size. Mecca is also home to the Kaaba, considered to be the house of God and the direction of prayer. Muslims all over the world must face the Kaaba when praying.